On September 27, I questioned whether anyone could develop a better measure of well-being than the GDP even when Dr. Stiglitz’s commission suggested the possibility.
Perhaps confirming the challenge, several lists of state happiness levels were recently publicized. The 2008 Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index had Utah as 1, California 9, New York 35 and West Virginia last, at 50. http://www.ahiphiwire.org/WellBeing/Display.aspx?doc_code=RWBStateRanks
By contrast, an article published in Science (12/17/09) tells us not to live in New York or California if we want to be happy. Instead, the results say move to Louisiana!
Happily, they both agree that the people living in Hawaii tend to be the happiest in the country.
Any implications here for changing GDP?
On September 27, I questioned whether anyone could develop a better measure of well-being than the GDP even when Dr. Stiglitz’s commission suggested the possibility.Read More
Yesterday I saw “Up in the Air”, the new George Clooney movie that has been called a comedy. As Ryan Bingham, Clooney was a “transition specialist”. Firms hired his employer to “fire” people. Excellent in many ways, the movie was about technology, romance, detachment, and relationships. Also, it was about this recession.Read More
Joe Morgenstern said it best in his Wall Street Journal review:
“When I saw ‘Up in the Air’ at its first public screening at the Telluride Film Festival last summer, I was startled by the eloquence of those vignettes, and admired the director for portraying working-class Americans without a trace of glib pity or condescension. I had no inkling of what is now public knowledge, that the interviewees were real people who had lost real jobs; they’d been invited by Jason Reitman and his colleagues to talk about their experiences on camera.”
Through “Up in the Air”, the unemployment statistics become very real. For November, there were 15 million unemployed and 165,346 individuals fired through 1797 “mass layoff actions”.
Listening to a wonderful Radio Lab (WNYC 10/09/09) podcast on Numbers, I started to think about a comment about what you can learn from a gas pump. $1.40? Maybe a teenager with little to spend. $10.04? Probably a cash payment but the attendant did not turn off the equipment fast enough. $60.00? A person with a credit card and a large gas tank.Read More
Indeed, prices tell a story, provide information, and serve as incentives and disincentives. When prices are set by government, they lose their ability to convey information and affect behavior.
Maybe we can call prices messengers?
Reading the Concord Colition’s 15 page assessment of health care reform provides a sound sense of the questions I would like to ask. http://www.concordcoalition.org/files/uploaded-pdfs/1223FinalHealthCarebrief.pdfRead More
1. Does it matter that people who fund the program will not benefit? During the 1930s, when Social Security was passed, its originators believed it would achieve success only if those paying for it received its benefits. They did not want a poverty program.
2. Which incentives are being created? I wonder whether, for consumers, there is an incentive to consume more and, for physicians, a disincentive to provide more.
3. Will taxes on the affluent increase revenue and will economic growth be affected? (you might look at: http://seekingalpha.com/article/78256-lying-with-charts-wsj-edition) Certain economists have tried to prove that even when tax rates change, tax revenue remains a relatively consistent proportion of GDP (18%).
4. And finally, as suggested by Arnold Kling during a December 18 Bloomberg/Tom Keene interview, can those with power know enough to design appropriate legislation for so many diverse people?
According to Wharton School economist Joel Waldfogel, we might be better off if we stop gift giving. Dr. Waldfogel says that all too often, the value of the gift to the recipient is less than the price the giver paid. The resulting “deadweight loss” makes him conclude that holiday gift giving is not as beneficial as many assume.
Perhaps this is an ideal example of economists knowing the price of everything but not the value or (opportunity) cost.
Waldfogel discusses his research in a recent Slate article and today’s “Note”, a youtube interview:
Deadweight Loss: Value that “disappears” because a price does not reflect a cost/benefit match. If you are willing to pay $30 for a t-shirt which cost a gift giver $50, then the deadweight loss is $20. If the giver got $10 of pleasure, still the deadweight loss in $10.00. More typically, deadweight loss refers to taxes and monopoly pricing.Read More