Demand, Supply, and Markets

The ideas that explain how a market system functions, demand, supply and markets focus on consumer and business behavior. On the demand side, price is an incentive that encourages buyers to want more when low and less when high. On the supply side, with profit as an incentive, a higher price stimulates more production. Through examples, econlife looks at the countless individuals and groups composing the demand and supply sides of markets to see how price and quantity are determined.